How Constantinople Becomes Istanbul?
Istanbul, formerly known as Constantinople, is a city that has attracted the attention of the world since ancient Byzantium. It is currently Turkey's largest city and the biggest city in the country. In the past, the Byzantine Empire was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The secure walled old city of Istanbul stands on a peninsula between Asia and Europe. For more than 2,500 years, Istanbul has stood between conflicting waves of religion, culture, and imperial power, sometimes as a bridge, sometimes as a barrier. It has been one of the coveted cities of the world for centuries. The name Byzantium may have come from Byzant, the leader of the Greeks from the city of Megara, who, according to legend, conquered the peninsula from the idyllic Thracian tribes. In AD 196, the Roman emperor Septimius Severus, who razed the city for opposing him in a civil war, rebuilt the city, naming it Augusta Antonina in honor of her son. When the Great Constantine convert the city to his capital in 330 AD, he named it the New Rome. At the end of the 1st millennium BC, Greek speakers reportedly referred to trips there as "eis ten polin", "to the city" rather than "Constantinople". In the 13th century, a Greek idiom became the name of the city, which is still used today in its changed form: Istinpolin. This name became Istanbul after undergoing a series of changes over the centuries. The city continued to bear the millennial name until Turkey, officially changed the name of Constantinople to Istanbul in 1930.
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